Not authorized to burn incense

On the separation of church and state, post-Constantine.  Emphasis mine:

“For into your hands God has put the kingdom; the affairs of his Church he has committed to us.  If any man stole the Empire from you, he would be resisting the ordinance of God: in the same way you on your part should be afraid lest, in taking upon yourself the government of the Church, you incur the guilt of grave offense. ‘Render unto Caesar the things that are Caesar’s and unto God the things that are God’s.’ We are not permitted to exercise an earthly rule; and you Sire, are not authorized to burn incense.”

– A letter from Hosius, Bishop of Cordova to Constantius; Documents of the Christian Church


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